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A/Prof Derya Ozkul, Senior Research Man, Refugee Research Centre, University or college of Oxford

Increasingly, technology and algorithms are being used to streamline asylum procedures. These kinds of range from biometric matching motors that assess iris reads and finger prints to lookup directories for refugees and political refugees to chatbots to help people register protection circumstances. These tools are made to make this easier for the purpose of states and agencies to process asylum applications, especially as many systems are currently slowed down due to the COVID-19 outbreak and elevating levels of pressured displacement.

However they raise a host of human privileges concerns. Such as privacy considerations, opaque decision-making, and the potential for biases or machine errors that may lead to discriminatory outcomes. Additionally, they pose significant challenges to migrants and refugees, who will often be already voiceless and insecure.

Ozkul’s study explores many ways in which new technologies can be used to verify identities and narratives of migrants, allowing them to quicken their asylum application process. It also discusses the ways in which these technology can create a particular informational space around migrant workers, and how they configure all their subjecthood. Pursuing Foucault, your lover argues that such algorithms are both local and institutional. For example , eyes scanning algorithms can be seen seeing that an institutional technology, because they require the migrant to enter a specific terrain in order to be recognised; while suggestion algorithms are business and global in their results, configuring people as buyers.

As a result, they will enact a certain form of hegemonic power above displaced persons. This is especially true granted the current competition to the bottom in asylum policy – with some countries offering incentives like the Nansen passport to facilitate cachette resettling and others impacting restrictive packages that block all their access to location and power them back in dangerous and deadly journeys.